1. Wear gloves (winter mittens or outdoor gloves) when you are away from home. Do not take them off on subways, buses and public places.
2. If you need to take off your gloves at social occasions, never touch your face or eyes unless you are shaking hands or aligning. Otherwise, don't let your hands touch your face, no matter how itchy it is. Before putting on gloves again, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water, wipe your fingers, and put on gloves.
3. Change gloves daily and wash thoroughly. Do not wear wet gloves.
4. If the mask cannot cover the nose and mouth, it will not have much protection. Outdoors, especially in the sun, ultraviolet rays can kill the virus, and it is not necessary to wear a mask, because the virus is unlikely to be blown into the mouth and nose randomly. Even indoors, if a mask is reused multiple times, or is loosely worn on the face, or is taken off by a gloveless hand, it is more psychological comfort than substantial protection.
Reusing the same mask is worse than not using it-and it's disgusting, because what you exhale from your mouth and nose will form a stinky film inside the mask, which is most likely to attract bacteria. I did not rely solely on masks when the outbreak broke out, and I have experienced more than thirty outbreaks! My approach is to avoid going to crowded places and keep a half meter distance, or about 1.5 feet, when dealing with any individual, which is a good standard. If someone coughs or sneezes, I ask them to put on a mask so that I don't get sprayed with nasal fluid that may be infected with the virus. If they refuse, I will be one meter (about 3 feet) away or leave. Don't shake hands or hug people, and politely decline, explaining that close contact during an epidemic is bad for both of you.
5.In your own home, immediately change all the towels in the bathroom and kitchen, and put on clean towels marked with each person's name. Let everyone use their own towels without touching others. Wash all towels twice a week. Wet towels are a good home for a variety of viruses, such as the common cold and flu, and of course coronavirus.
6. Take special care with door handles. If possible, it is best to open the door with your elbow or shoulder. Otherwise, wear gloves to open the door, or wash your hands immediately after opening. If someone in your family is already ill, be sure to scrub the doorknob regularly. Similarly, be very careful with stair handles, desktops, mobile phones, toys, laptops-anything you want to touch with your hands. If you only touch your own things, it's okay, but if you need to pick up someone else's cell phone, cooker, or use someone else's computer keyboard, wash your hands immediately afterwards, and don't touch your face.
7.If you eat with others, don't use your own chopsticks and cutlery to eat in public bowls. Of course, you also need to tell your child not to drink drinks in other people's cups or in containers shared by everyone. It is customary in China to prepare several dishes for a meal, and then everyone uses their own chopsticks to share dishes in the shared dish. Do not do this during an epidemic. Put a male spoon in each dish, each person takes the spoon and puts the male spoon back on the dish, and then uses his own chopsticks to insert the dish from his plate. Wash food before cooking; wash pots and pans before and after meals; do not go to restaurants with poor hygiene.
8.Never buy, slaughter or eat any live animals or live fish until you find out what animal the virus came from.
9. If weather permits, open windows at home and at work to circulate fresh air. The virus cannot survive for long periods of time in areas with good airflow. Of course if the weather is cold and bad, you still need to keep warm and close the windows.
10. Finally, if you are taking care of a family member or friend who has a fever, be sure to wear a tight-fitting mask when they are by their side, and let the patient wear it (unless they are nauseous). Be very careful when changing face masks for friends and relatives. For your own security you must assume that this is all viruses. Wear latex gloves to pick it up, put it in a disposable container, seal it, and throw it in the trash. Wearing latex gloves, use a disposable towel / cotton swab to gently wash the patient's face with warm soapy water; then also seal it in a disposable container or plastic bag and throw it into a trash can. It is best to wear long-sleeved tops and clothes that cover your entire body when caring for patients. Wash the patient through and touching things such as clothing, sheets, towels and cutlery in hot soapy water. If possible, isolate patients at home in a room, or a comfortable fixed corner, but separate from the rest of the family. If the weather is good, open a window on the other side of the room so that the breeze can blow across the patient's face and then outside. Of course, you cannot do this when the weather is too cold. If you open the window to make the room too cold, it will make the patient's condition worse.